Institute of Catalysis Research and Technology (IKFT)

Publications


2020
Journal Articles
Fan, Y.; Hornung, U.; Raffelt, K.; Dahmen, N. (2020). The influence of lipids on the fate of nitrogen during hydrothermal liquefaction of protein-containing biomass. Journal of analytical and applied pyrolysis, 147, Art. Nr.: 104798. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2020.104798
Schmitt, C. C.; Moreira, R.; Neves, R. C.; Richter, D.; Funke, A.; Raffelt, K.; Grunwaldt, J.-D.; Dahmen, N. (2020). From agriculture residue to upgraded product: The thermochemical conversion of sugarcane bagasse for fuel and chemical products. Fuel processing technology, 197, Article: 106199. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2019.106199
2019
Journal Articles
Carriel Schmitt, C.; Zimina, A.; Fam, Y.; Raffelt, K.; Grunwaldt, J.-D.; Dahmen, N. (2019). Evaluation of High-Loaded Ni-Based Catalysts for Upgrading Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil. Catalysts, 9 (9), Article: 784. doi:10.3390/catal9090784
Conference Papers
Rosendahl, L. A.; Cocchi, M.; Iversen, S.; Heracleous, E.; Dallo, I. L.; Lercher, J.; Raffelt, K.; Sandquist, J.; Verdier, S.; Bianchi, D.; Hellings, B.; Grassi, A.; Momi, S. (2019). Sustainable drop-in transport fuels from hydrothermal liquefaction of low value urban feedstocks-nextgenroadfuels project. 27th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, EUBCE 2019; Lisbon; Portugal; 27 May 2019 through 30 May 2019, 1166–1168, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies.
2018
Journal Articles
Boscagli, C.; Tomasi Morgano, M.; Raffelt, K.; Leibold, H.; Grunwaldt, J.-D. (2018). Influence of feedstock, catalyst, pyrolysis and hydrotreatment temperature on the composition of upgraded oils from intermediate pyrolysis. Biomass and bioenergy, 116, 236–248. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2018.06.022
Carriel Schmitt, C.; Gagliardi Reolon, M.; Zimmermann, M.; Raffelt, K.; Grunwaldt, J.-D.; Dahmen, N. (2018). Synthesis and Regeneration of Nickel-Based Catalysts for Hydrodeoxygenation of Beech Wood Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil. Catalysts, 8 (10), Article: 449. doi:10.3390/catal8100449
Schmitt, C. C.; Raffelt, K.; Zimina, A.; Krause, B.; Otto, T.; Rapp, M.; Grunwaldt, J.-D.; Dahmen, N. (2018). Hydrotreatment of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil Fractions Over Nickel-Based Catalyst. Topics in catalysis, 61 (15-17), 1769–1782. doi:10.1007/s11244-018-1009-z
2017
Book Chapters
Raffelt, K.; Nicoleit, T.; Dahmen, N.; Sauer; Joerg. (2017). Bio-Slurries From Lignocellulose. Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies. Ed. by Abraham, Martin, 217–228, Elsevier.
Journal Articles
Boscagli, C.; Yang, C.; Welle, A.; Wang, W.; Behrens, S.; Raffelt, K.; Grunwaldt, J.-D. (2017). Effect of pyrolysis oil components on the activity and selectivity of nickel-based catalysts during hydrotreatment. Applied catalysis / A, 544, 161–172. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2017.07.025
Conference Papers
Baehr, C.; Gulden, J.; Raffelt, K.; Dahmen, N. (2017). Carbon dioxide as a solvent for pyrolysis oils. Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Stockholm/Schweden, 12.06.-15.06.17.
Carriel-Schmitt, C.; Boscagli, C.; Rapp, M.; Raffelt, K.; Dahmen, N. (2017). Characterization of Light and Heavy Phase of Pyrolysis-Oil from Distinct Biomass for Further Upgrading Reactions. Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Stockholm/Schweden, 12.06.-15.06.17, 1143–1147. doi:10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-3AV.3.15
Moreira, R.; Cruz-Neves, R.; Carriel-Schmitt, C.; Breunig, M.; Coelho Tambani, P.; Ushima, A. H.; Funke, A.; Raffelt, K. (2017). Characterization of Brazilian Sugarcane Bagasse and Sugarcane Straw Based on European Methodologies to Evaluate the Potential for Energy Conversion. Proceedings of the 25th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Stockholm/Schweden, 12.06.-15.06.17, 150–155. doi:10.5071/25thEUBCE2017-1DV.1.6
2016
Journal Articles
Feng, P.; Lin, W.; Jensen, P. A.; Song, W.; Hao, L.; Raffelt, K.; Dam-Johansen, K. (2016). Entrained flow gasification of coal/bio-oil slurries. Energy, 111 (Sept 15), 793–802. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2016.05.115
Olbrich, W.; Boscagli, C.; Raffelt, K.; Zang, H.; Dahmen, N.; Sauer, J. (2016). Catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of pyrolysis oil over nickel-based catalysts under H2/CO2 atmosphere. Sustainable Chemical Processes, 4 (1), 9. doi:10.1186/s40508-016-0053-x
Conference Papers
Mertens, F.; Nicoleit, T.; Raffelt, K. (2016). Comparison of Analytical Methods for Highly Aqueous Pyrolysis Condensates. Proceedings of the 24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition : EUBCE 2016, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 6th - 9th June 2016, 1294–1297, ETA. doi:10.5071/24THEUBCE2016-3DV.3.49
2015
Journal Articles
Boscagli, C.; Raffelt, K.; Zevaco, T. A.; Olbrich, W.; Otto, T. N.; Sauer, J.; Grunwaldt, J.-D. (2015). Mild hydrotreatment of the light fraction of fast-pyrolysis oil produced from straw over nickel-based catalysts. Biomass and bioenergy, 83, 525–538. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.11.003
Weber, C.; Boscagli, C.; Raffelt, K.; Richter, D.; Zevaco, T. (2015). Fast pyrolysis of fresh bio waste and ensiled municipal green cut. Chemie - Ingenieur - Technik, 87 (12), 1696–1706. doi:10.1002/cite.201500040
2014
Conference Papers
Nicoleit, T.; Steffensen, A.; Raffelt, K.; Sauer, J. (2014). Mixing and stirring gasifier feeds of pyrolyzed biomass suspensions. 5th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation and 1st WasteEng Summer School 2014, Rio de Janeiro, BR, August 25-28, 2014. Ed.: A. Nzihou., CD-ROM.
Nicoleit, T.; Herzog, A. C.; Raffelt, K.; Dahmen, N.; Sauer, J. (2014). Suspensions of flash pyrolysed biomass: Systematic examination of stirring. Proceedings of the 22nd European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Hamburg, June 23-26, 2014, 1151–1154, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. doi:10.5071/22ndEUBCE2014-3CV.2.16
2013
Journal Articles
Raffelt, K. (2013). NMR methods for product quality diagnostics in bio-oil production. PyNe Newsletter, (33), 21–23.
Conference Papers
Nicoleit, T.; Erbay, G.; Raffelt, K. (2013). Investigations about the mixing process of char and biooil as products from the flash pyrolysis of biomass. Proceedings of the 21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Copenhagen, DK, June 3-7, 2013, 956–961, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies.
2012
Conference Papers
Nicoleit, T.; Bitsch, B.; Girke, F. P.; Raffelt, K.; Dahmen, N.; Dinjus, E. (2012). Charakaterisierung von Ethylenglykol-Pyrolysekoks-Slurries, dem Modellbrennstoff des bioliq-Vergasers. Konversion von Biomassen (Velen X) : Beiträge zur DGMK-Fachbereichstagung, Rotenburg a.d.Fulda, 19.-21. März 2012, Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft für Erdöl, Erdgas und Kohle e.V. (DGMK).
2010
Book Chapters
Dahmen, N.; Henrich, E.; Kruse, A.; Raffelt, K. (2010). Biomass liquefaction and gasification. Vertes, A.A. [Hrsg.] Biomass to Biofuels : Strategies for Global Industries Chichester : Wiley, 2010, 91–122.
2006
Journal Articles
Raffelt, K.; Henrich, E.; Koegel, A.; Stahl, R.; Steinhardt, J.; Weirich, F. (2006). The BTL2 Process of Biomass Utilization Entrained-Flow Gasification of Pyrolyzed Biomass Slurries. Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 129 (1-3), 153–164. doi:10.1385/ABAB:129:1:153
2004
Book Chapters
Henrich, E.; Raffelt, K.; Stahl, R.; Weirich, F. (2004). Gasification of biomass. Agricultural residues to synfuel and power. MoDeSt Workshop on Recycling of Polymeric Materials, Karlsruhe, July 3-4, 2003 Wissenschaftliche Berichte, FZKA-7005 (April 2004), B5/1–18.
Conference Papers
Henrich, E.; Dinjus, E.; Kögel, A.; Raffelt, K.; Stahl, R.; Weirich, F. (2004). A two stage process for synfuel from biomass. Van Swaaij, W.P.M. [Hrsg.] 2nd World Biomass Conf. : Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection ; Proc.of the Conf.held in Roma, I, May 10-14, 2004 Vol.I Firenze : ETA ; München : WIP, 2004, 729–33.
Raffelt, K.; Henrich, E.; Koegel, A.; Stahl, R.; Steinhardt, J.; Weirich, F. (2004). Stable slurries from biomass pyrolysis products for entrained flow gasification. Van Swaaij, W.P.M. [Hrsg.] 2nd World Biomass Conf. : Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection ; Proc.of the Conf.held in Roma, I, May 10-14, 2004 Vol.I Firenze : ETA ; München : WIP, 2004, 914–17.
Raffelt, K.; Henrich, E.; Steinhardt, J. (2004). Herstellung und Eigenschaften von Slurries aus Biomasse für die Biomassevergasung. Energetische Nutzung von Biomassen : Beiträge zur DGMK-Fachbereichstagung, Velen, 19.-21.April 2004 Hamburg : DGMK, 2004 (DGMK-Tagungsbericht ; 2004-1), 333–40.
Stahl, R.; Henrich, E.; Kögel, A.; Raffelt, K.; Steinhardt, J.; Weirich, F.; Dinjus, E. (2004). Pressurised entrained gasification of slurries from biomass. Van Swaaij, W.P.M. [Hrsg.] 2nd World Biomass Conf. : Biomass for Energy, Industry and Climate Protection ; Proc.of the Conf.held in Roma, I, May 10-14, 2004 Vol.I Firenze : ETA ; München : WIP, 2004, 813–16.
2003
Journal Articles
Henrich, E.; Dinjus, E.; Raffelt, K.; Stahl, R.; Weirich, F. (2003). Synthesegas aus Biomasse. Nachrichten - Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, 35, 92–98.