Platform Chemicals and Materials from Biomass
The special properties of liquid water at raised temperatures, e. g. under supercritical conditions, allow the production of various chemical substances and materials. These chemicals are so called “chemical building blocks”, components which can be used e. g. for the production of polymers. Referring to the biorefinery concept the focus is on using the whole plant with all of its parts: An energetic and material use of biomass like a cascade use means trying to get very high yields of the most valuable product, like a carboniferous material or a special chemical substance but in addition to produce chemical energy sources in order to use the whole plant. An important aspect is it to bring back the nutrients into the soil as fertilizers.